Caga Tió: A unique Catalan Christmas tradition

Rows of Caga Tio, the Catalan Pooping Log, at a Christmas market.

There’s a unique Christmas tradition in Catalonia (northeastern Spain): Caga Tió, or the “pooping log.” 

At first glance, it looks like a simple Christmas decoration – a wooden log adorned with painted features and a bright red hat. You might see it in Christmas markets in Barcelona and around the region.

But there’s actually much more to Caga Tió and its traditions than meets the eye. 

This article will shed light on the origins, rituals, and cultural significance of it!

What is Caga Tió?

At first glance, Caga Tió (otherwise known as Tió de Nadal) may appear to be just a charming log adorned with a smiling face, but the tradition holds a special place in Catalan Christmas celebrations. 

The name itself offers a clue to the curious nature of this ritual. 

Translated literally, “Caga Tió” means “pooping log,” and the log is often affectionately referred to as “Tió,” or “Uncle.”

The ritual involves “feeding” Tió small treats in the days leading up to Christmas. 

Then, on Christmas Eve or Day, children beat the log with sticks while singing traditional songs, urging it to “poop” out presents and sweets. 

It sounds whacky, but it’s true! 

Where is Caga Tió from?

Caga Tió originates from Catalonia, a region in northeastern Spain – Barcelona is its capital.

If you find yourself in Barcelona in December, you’ll see Tió de Nadal logs at Christmas markets and family gatherings!

But you’ll also find it all over Catalonia, including in the city of Lleida and in parts of the Pyrenees.

It might not snow in Barcelona (it sure does in the Pyrenees though!), but Christmas markets and Caga Tió ensure there’s a festive atmosphere!

Origins of Tió de Nadal

A Tio de Nadal, a typical Christmas character of Catalonia, Spain

The history and origins of the Caga Tió tradition are somewhat enigmatic! 

Scholars say that the tradition started as a blend of Pagan and Christian practices that celebrated winter in Spain.

It’s thought that, initially the log, symbolizing warmth and sustenance, was brought into homes and “fed”.

As Christianity spread across the region, the tradition gradually took on a more festive character. 

By the 18th century, the focus shifted from agricultural blessings to providing gifts and sweets for children during the Christmas season. 

The decorated log, previously a simple piece of wood, gained a painted face, a red hat, and even legs!

The Caga Tió character

Creating the Caga Tió character begins with selecting a hollow log, usually of pine or birch.

The face of Tió de Nadal is drawn or painted with bright, smiling eyes and a broad grin, often completed with a prominent red nose. 

Next come the legs, often crafted from smaller branches or even wooden dowels. 

The festive hat is the crowning touch. Traditionally, it’s a red “barretina,” a typical Catalan hat, but it can also be any bright and cheerful piece of fabric. 

Accessories like a warm blanket or scarf may also be added, emphasizing the nurturing aspect of the ritual, as families “feed” and “care” for the log in the days leading up to Christmas.

Some families make their own log, but you can purchase them from Christmas markets in Barcelona and elsewhere in Catalonia too!

Tió de Nadal in practice

Christmas Market in Barcelona

The Caga Tió tradition begins in early December and culminates on Christmas Eve or Christmas Day, depending on family customs. 

Here’s how it unfolds:

  1. Starting from early December: Families bring the decorated Tió log into the home. For children, this marks the exciting beginning of a festive ritual that will last until Christmas.
  2. Feeding the log: Each evening, children feed the log with fruits, nuts, and sweets. This act symbolizes the nurturing of the log, as they believe that by feeding it, they are helping it to “grow” the presents and treats that will be revealed later. The log’s “meal” might include items like oranges, dried figs, or traditional Catalan sweets.
  3. Covering with a blanket: After feeding, children often cover Tió with a warm blanket.
  4. Singing songs: As Christmas approaches, excitement grows, and the ritual becomes more elaborate. Some families include singing traditional Catalan songs to Tió.
  5. ‘Encouraging’ the log on Christmas Eve or Day: The pinnacle of the tradition is the moment when children “encourage” the log to “defecate” the gifts and treats. Armed with sticks, they gently tap the log while singing specific Tió de Nadal songs. The lyrics are often humorous and playful, asking the log to release the goodies.
  6. Revealing the treats: After the singing and tapping, an adult usually reveals the treats hidden inside the log. These might include candies and small toys; although turron, a type of Spanish nougat, is often the treat of choice.

Caga Tió songs

The singing of traditional Catalan songs during the Tió de Nadal ritual is a crucial aspect. 

These songs are filled with humour, anticipation, and cultural significance. 

The lyrics are playful and often centre around encouraging the log to release the gifts. A common song that many Catalan children sing goes like this:

Caga tió, caga torró, avellanes i mató, si no cagues bé et daré un cop de bastó, caga tió!


Poop log, poop nougat, hazelnuts and cottage cheese, if you don’t poop well, I’ll hit you with a stick, poop log!

The lyrics are not only a call for the log to give gifts but also a reflection of the region’s culinary heritage, as they often mention local food items.

Caga Tió FAQs

Here are some answers to frequently asked questions about Caga Tió!

What does Caga Tió mean in Spanish?

Caga Tió translates to “Poo Log” in English. The name is a humorous nod to the tradition’s unique aspect where the log is expected to “defecate” gifts and treats for children.

What is the tradition of Caga Tió?

Caga Tió is a festive tradition in Catalonia where children “feed” a wooden log with treats in the days leading up to Christmas. On Christmas Eve or Day, they strike the log while singing special songs, encouraging it to “defecate” small presents and candies.

What is Caga Tió called?

The tradition is commonly referred to as “Caga Tió” or “Tió de Nadal.” Both names have significant meanings in the Catalan language, reflecting the joyful and unique character of this beloved Christmas custom.

What is the Spanish Christmas poo tradition?

This refers to Caga Tió, a traditional Catalan celebration where children take care of a decorated log throughout December. With songs and festivities, the children coax the log into “producing” small gifts and treats on Christmas Day.

What is the Spanish pooping Christmas log?

The Spanish pooping Christmas log is a tradition where families create a log character that is fed, nurtured, and eventually hit with sticks to reveal hidden gifts and treats for the children.

What does Caga Tió eat?

The character “eats” small treats like fruit, nuts, and sweets. Children feed the log these items daily, fostering a sense of care and anticipation. The daily feeding ritual adds to the excitement and magic of the season.

What are two ways the children care for Caga Tió?

Children care for the log by feeding it daily with treats and covering it with a blanket to keep it warm at night. These acts of nurturing add a charming and interactive dimension to the tradition.

What are two Christmas traditions in Spain?

Other Spanish Christmas traditions include “El Gordo,” a grand lottery draw, and “Los Reyes Magos” or Three Kings Day, celebrated with parades and gift-giving, marking the end of the festive season.

Now you know all about the Spanish pooping log!

What a tradition! If you’re travelling to Spain in December, this log is something to watch out for!

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